Competitiveness in Research and Development
Show Less

Competitiveness in Research and Development

Comparisons and Performance

Ádám Török, Balázs Borsi and András Telcs

Competitiveness in Research and Development includes a unique comparative analysis of R & D and innovation systems of transition and developing economies. It also features a comprehensive and critical survey of international literature on the measurement of R & D and innovation performance.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 3: R & D Competitiveness Measured

Ádám Török, Balázs Borsi and András Telcs


3. R&D competitiveness measured Balázs Borsi and András Telcs Previous chapters in this book showed that nations do compete and a substantial part of this competition is played out in the technological R&D and innovation arena. The game is a dynamic and global one, but can we shoot pictures of it that help us understand it better? The answer is a contingent yes. We believe numbers to be reliable yet cross-country R&D statistics undoubtedly carry an amount of uncertainty. Nevertheless in this chapter we would like to present methodological approaches to determine the R&D competitiveness position of countries. The problem of multivariate ranking and efficiency is discussed with the help of three well-known methods: principal component analysis, non-parametric ranking and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). After a brief introduction into the database compiled the ranking methods are explained for the year 2000 in section 3.2. Beyond ranking R&D efficiency is also a discussion problem for which section 3.3 introduces the DEA method. Section 3.4 extends the analysis to two points in time and section 3.5 presents the conclusions. 3.1 COLLECTING THE INDICATORS Ranking and positioning emerged with biological evolution. Species, races and even biomes are competing for survival for which mixed strategies of cooperation and competing are needed. Dominance is a key concept in competition: the dominant species or race has better access to food, water, shelter and the chance of reproduction. The question arises: can we talk about dominant strategies in R&D...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.