The Economic Potential of a Larger Europe
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The Economic Potential of a Larger Europe

Edited by Klaus Liebscher, Josef Christl, Peter Mooslechner and Doris Ritzberger-Grünwald

The Economic Potential of a Larger Europe gives insights into past, present and future issues related to the ongoing EU enlargement process. Providing a unique forum for debate and a multiplicity of views and experiences from both high-profile academics and those who engage with enlargement on an implementation level, this book covers a wide range of topics that are key to a successful transition and integration process and thus to the provision of a prosperous growth environment within a larger Europe. Special attention is paid to monetary integration, notably entry into ERM II, on which representatives of the national central banks involved present their views.
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Chapter 7: Meeting the challenges of enhancing capacity for development

Frannie A. Léautier


Frannie A. Léautier1 1. A NEW CONSENSUS ON CAPACITY FOR DEVELOPMENT Despite substantial attention and financial support from the development community over a long period of time, capacity remains a binding constraint to development, especially in Africa. Among the reasons for lack of progress in capacity are (a) shifting definitions of the term ‘capacity’ and hence shifting attention on its components, leading to a lack of coherence in results over time (see Appendix 1 on the multiple definitions of capacity enhancement); and (b) poor coordination and lack of harmonization of policies and practices among development partners in the provision of support for capacity development (see Appendix 2 for a summary of donor perspectives on pooling technical assistance). For the purposes of this chapter, we use an operational definition of capacity that allows us to focus on the key issues that will lead to substantial results going forward. What is capacity for development? It is the ability of individuals, institutions and whole societies to solve problems, make informed choices, order their priorities and plan their futures – as well as to implement programmes and projects, and sustain them. With respect to individuals, this definition captures their educational attainment levels, their access to information, and their inclusion in decisionmaking. For institutions, this includes the incentives structure within the planning and decision-making systems; effectiveness of public decisionmaking, including transparency and accountability; institutional features that offer information to citizens, connecting them and communicating with them; and the way...

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