Scientific Mobility in an Enlarging European Union
Chapter 4: The Impact of Partnering on Migration Processes and Outcomes
4. The impact of partnering on migration processes and outcomes INTRODUCTION Traditional approaches to migration theorizing have tended to focus rather narrowly on a limited number of economic determinants and, in particular, the eﬀect of wage diﬀerentials in shaping migration and location decisions. The emphasis on the decision has also tended to characterize migration as a one-time event, perhaps followed by a return move. In recent years, research has drawn attention to the role that a much wider range of factors play in shaping what are now conceptualized more accurately as migration processes or, in a European context, ‘mobilities’ (Wallace, 2002: 604). This might include a more holistic appraisal of economic factors to encompass living costs and expenditures and their impact on family resources. In addition to this, research has encouraged us to consider the impact that personal and family relationships and obligations might have on migration behaviour, perhaps generating resistance to the pull of economic considerations or, in other contexts, lubricating mobility. Concerns around spousal employment rights and the impact of dual career situations form the focus of an increasing body of research that reﬂect a move away from the individualistic and consensual male breadwinner model to acknowledge the eﬀect of dual career relationships on migration decisionmaking (Ackers, 2004b; Bailey and Boyle, 2004; Raghuram, 2004; Smith, 2004). Boyd (1989: 640) critiques economic rationality models, which he suggests ‘emphasise the movement of people as a result of rational calculations performed by individual actors’ drawing attention to...
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