Moving People and Knowledge
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Moving People and Knowledge

Scientific Mobility in an Enlarging European Union

Louise Ackers and Bryony Gill

Moving People and Knowledge provides a fresh examination of the processes of highly skilled science migration. Focusing on intra-European mobility and, in particular, on the new dynamics of East–West migration, the authors investigate the movement of Polish and Bulgarian researchers to and from the UK and Germany. Key questions include: who is moving, how long for, and why? In addressing the motivations and experiences of mobile scientists and their families, insights into professional and personal motivations are provided, demonstrating how relationships, networks and infrastructures shape decision-making. This book provides a useful perspective on the implications of increasing researcher mobility – for both sending and receiving regions and the individuals concerned – which is necessary for the construction of future policies on sustainable scientific development.
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Annex 1: Summary of MOBEX2 methods

Louise Ackers and Bryony Gill


PHASE 1: ENLARGEMENT – ANALYSIS OF EU LAW AND POLICY IN RELATION TO TRANSITION The first phase analysed EU regional policy associated with scientific mobility. This involved a desk-based literature and policy review. Existing measures shaping mobility, such as the Free Person Provisions, the European Research Area and the European Area of Higher Education were re-examined in the context of EU enlargement; in particular, questioning whether the imposition of transitional measures by ‘old’ Member States would limit mobility from ‘new’ and ‘accession’ states. PHASE 2: NATIONAL-LEVEL LEGAL AND POLICY ANALYSIS This second stage was conceived to provide context on the socioeconomic and scientific conditions in two existing EU Member States, a new EU Member State and an accession country. Poland and Bulgaria were selected as case studies to highlight some of the differences between science labour markets in Central and Eastern European countries. Both countries had a strong tradition of higher education and scientific research during Communist times. In terms of ‘host’ countries, the UK and Germany were selected as two of the most popular countries in Europe for mobile researchers to visit (Van de Sande et al., 2005). A full justification for the countries selected is provided in the introductory chapter. Key informant interviews were completed that focused on science strategy, mobility schemes and policies in relation to the attraction, support, retention and legal status of ‘migrant’ scientists. This included consultations with representatives from the Wellcome Trust, the Royal Society, Research Councils UK, Department of...

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