Scientific Mobility in an Enlarging European Union
PHASE 1: ENLARGEMENT – ANALYSIS OF EU LAW AND POLICY IN RELATION TO TRANSITION The ﬁrst phase analysed EU regional policy associated with scientiﬁc mobility. This involved a desk-based literature and policy review. Existing measures shaping mobility, such as the Free Person Provisions, the European Research Area and the European Area of Higher Education were re-examined in the context of EU enlargement; in particular, questioning whether the imposition of transitional measures by ‘old’ Member States would limit mobility from ‘new’ and ‘accession’ states. PHASE 2: NATIONAL-LEVEL LEGAL AND POLICY ANALYSIS This second stage was conceived to provide context on the socioeconomic and scientiﬁc conditions in two existing EU Member States, a new EU Member State and an accession country. Poland and Bulgaria were selected as case studies to highlight some of the diﬀerences between science labour markets in Central and Eastern European countries. Both countries had a strong tradition of higher education and scientiﬁc research during Communist times. In terms of ‘host’ countries, the UK and Germany were selected as two of the most popular countries in Europe for mobile researchers to visit (Van de Sande et al., 2005). A full justiﬁcation for the countries selected is provided in the introductory chapter. Key informant interviews were completed that focused on science strategy, mobility schemes and policies in relation to the attraction, support, retention and legal status of ‘migrant’ scientists. This included consultations with representatives from the Wellcome Trust, the Royal Society, Research Councils UK, Department of...
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