A Co-Evolutionary and Socio-Technical Analysis
Chapter 7: Conclusions and Discussion
INTRODUCTION The three research questions that have constituted the topic of this book are: 1. 2. 3. How do system innovations and technological transitions come about? Are there patterns in system innovations and technological transitions? Are there particular mechanisms in system innovations and technological transitions? Conceptual propositions about questions 1 and 2 were advanced in Chapter 3. This chapter begins by drawing conclusions about these conceptual propositions (Section 7.2). If the propositions have a good match with the empirical material in the case studies, they are robust. If there are deviations from the propositions, I shall advance reﬁnements or additions. The multi-level perspective provides the main answer to the ﬁrst research question. In Section 7.3 I shall reﬁne this answer by distinguishing three diﬀerent routes in system innovations. This reﬁnement is based partly on a further reﬂection about the three case studies, and partly on more detailed distinctions in niche-regime interaction. Section 7.4 answers the third research question about mechanisms. The case studies showed that all kinds of mechanisms were important in system innovations and technological transitions. Complementing the case studies with ﬁndings from the literature, I have organised these mechanisms with regard to phases in transition processes. The chapter ends with some reﬂections on the kind of knowledge claims and generalisability (Section 7.5). 7.2 CONCLUSIONS ABOUT CONCEPTUAL PROPOSITIONS To answer the ﬁrst research question, a multi-level perspective was described in Chapter 3. Several propositions were proposed about system innovations. First, novelties emerge in...
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