Network Advantage Within Chinese and Irish Software Firms
Chapter 1: Entrepreneurship and Business Culture
1. Entrepreneurship and Business Culture _____________________________________________________________ Entrepreneurship is instrumental in the creation and growth of the software industry – an industry that is associated with topical issues such as wealth creation, intellectual capital, regional development and national competitiveness. The software industry, which has its origin in the USA, has been, and is, dominated by entrepreneurial US firms. Indeed, seven out of the ten global firms with the highest software revenues in 2004, namely Microsoft, IBM, Lockheed Martin, Computer Sciences, Accenture, HewlettPackard and Oracle, were headquartered in the USA. 1 The fascination created by the success of entrepreneurial firms was captured by Bronson (2000 p. 81): ‘The big story of Silicon Valley is continuously being told and retold… The story that gets told most often – ten thousand times a day, this story gets retold – is the story of Bill Gates.’ Nevertheless, Ireland and China 2 are among the few nations that have emerged as participants in the American-led global software industry. Their achievement has been noted by academics and industry observers in the past few years. O’Gorman and Kautonen (2004 p. 467) pointed out that ‘Ireland is now the fifth largest producer of software in the world, and the world’s second largest software exporter’ while Tschang and Xue (2003) wrote that ‘China’s software industry, which though is only a recent phenomena, has often been compared to that of India’s, and is considered by observers in India and elsewhere to be possibly a prospective threat to India’s software export services’ (ibid. p. 1). Tables...
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