The Elgar Companion to Law and Economics, Second Edition
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The Elgar Companion to Law and Economics, Second Edition

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Edited by Jürgen G. Backhaus

This thoroughly updated and revised edition of a popular and authoritative reference work introduces the reader to the major concepts and leading contributors in the field of law and economics. The Companion features accessible, informative and provocative entries on all the significant issues, and breaks new ground by bringing together widely dispersed yet theoretically congruent ideas.
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Chapter 35: Franz Böhm (1895–1977)

Heinz Grossekettler

Extract

35 Franz Böhm (1895–1977) Heinz Grossekettler A survey of Böhm’s life and work Franz Böhm was born in Konstanz, in Baden, on 16 February 1895, the son of a jurist who was later to become the Badenese Minister of Education and Cultural Affairs. He passed the school-leaving examination in 1913, and after serving in the war he studied law in Freiburg. In 1922 and 1924 he passed the two examinations that German law students are required to take in order to complete their legal education. He then became a public prosecutor in Freiburg. As early as 1925, however, he moved to the Reich Ministry for Economics, where he was put in charge of the antitrust enforcement department. While he was employed there he worked on his doctoral thesis about the conflict between monopolists and outsiders. The dissertation was supervised by Heinrich Hoeniger, a professor of law, and completed in 1931. Böhm then wrote a post-doctoral thesis which was appraised by Hans Grossmann-Doerth, a jurist, and by Walter Eucken, a wellknown economist. The two theses were published together in a book entitled Wettbewerb und Monopolkampf (Competition and the struggle for monopoly) (Böhm, 1933). In order to become a professor at a German university, it is usual to gain a doctorate (Promotion) and qualify as a lecturer (Habilitation), and generally the professorship must be offered by a different university from the one where the scholar qualified. In 1937 Böhm was offered a chair...

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