Putting Capitalist Economies in their Place
This chapter identiﬁes important parallels between Antonio Gramsci’s philosophy of praxis and the regulation approach. Gramsci (1891–1936) was an Italian Communist who made major contributions to Marxist theory and political practice in the last century. He is often said, wrongly in our opinion, to have originated the concept of Fordism and, correctly in our opinion, to have inspired ﬁrst-generation regulationists (for example, Aglietta 1979; Boyer 1990a). This reﬂects the fact that, while he was unavoidably interested in Russia and the Soviet Union, his ideas were ﬁrmly rooted in the historical development and current affairs of Italy and, more broadly, in Europe, the USA and the wider international system. Many observers illustrate this from his views on politics, civil society, culture, intellectuals, political parties and revolutionary strategy. However, we will explore his views on critical political economy, modes of production, economic laws and what is nowadays termed the social embedding of the economy. We aim to show that Gramsci can be read both as a proto- and a post-regulationist, that is, as someone who prepared some of the intellectual ground for regulationist analyses and as someone whose work indicates the need to move beyond the RA towards what we call ‘cultural political economy’. This may seem surprising given the usual state-theoretical and/or culturalist readings of his work. Gramsci is often interpreted as seeking to develop an autonomous Marxist science of politics appropriate for capitalist societies with a view to establishing the most likely conditions and strategies for a...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.