Schumpeter, Galbraith, T.H. Marshall, Titmuss and Adam Smith
Chapter 8: T.H. Marshall: Citizenship and Social Rights
Citizenship is ‘a status bestowed on those who are full members of a community’ (Marshall, 1950: 18). It is integration and affiliation, belonging and entitlement. Citizenship is a ‘basic human equality’ in respect of rights and duties, a ‘universal birthright’, a ‘single uniform status’ a ‘universal status’ (ibid.: 6, 19, 21, 44). It is a common identity. It is a link with the past. Citizenship is conservative and continuing. It is ‘a claim to be admitted to a share in the social heritage’ (ibid.: 6) and not just the carpe diem that nips in opportunistically and takes. Citizenship is ‘a direct sense of community membership based on loyalty to a civilisation which is a common possession’ (ibid.: 24). It is not just a legal document which allows its bearer to pass through Heathrow visa-free. Citizenship does not presuppose blood kinship or putative parentage. There is no fiction that all Englishmen are descended from English, even if there is a myth that all Tiv are descended from Tiv. Subjective and sentimental, however, what citizenship does presuppose is a perceived stake in the ‘national consciousness’ and in the ‘common heritage’ (ibid.: 25). In the age of free enterprise and civil rights, Marshall observes, this felt commitment was all too often associated with the narrow exclusivity of ‘jingo patriotism’ (ibid.) and the aggressive national-ism of Rule Britannia. In the new age of welfare services and social rights, that same one-nationness must build upon the ‘material enjoyment’ (ibid.: 28) that integrates the masses with...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.