Learning from the Indian Experience
Edited by Tojo Thatchenkery and Roger R. Stough
Chapter 6: Diffusion Innovation: A Pattern of Information Communication Technology Innovation in the Indian Economy
6. Diffusion innovation: a pattern of information communication technology innovation in the Indian economy Mary Mathew INTRODUCTION Documented descriptions of the impact of information and communication technology (ICT) in India, predominantly focuses on software exports (Arora et al., 2001; D’Costa, 2003; Heeks, 1996; Schware, 1992). Undoubtedly, software exports are a successful result of Indian ICT and India’s software exports do show rapid growth (NASSCOM, 2003). An analysis of Indian ICT innovation per se is missing in earlier literature. Furthermore , innovation itself, irrespective of ICT, is deﬁned in many ways in the literature. This chapter presents evidence of a larger view of innovation with less emphasis on the magnitude of software exports and more on the implications of the pattern of sectors in which exports occurs. This evidence is analyzed in the context of ICT adoption in a developing country. Admittedly, software is the trigger that magniﬁes innovations (Quinn et al., 1997). This chapter looks at Indian ICT with a positive approach, emphasizing the presence of innovation termed as diffusion innovation. The adoption of ICT in India has led to a rapid urban spread of the technology and consequently has enhanced social communication and enabled improvements in its domestic economic activity. The adoption of ICT in a developing country, such as India, refers to the transference of innovation from ﬁrst-generation innovators (USA), where ICT is in itself the technical innovation and a set of inventions generated from the research and development (R&D) laboratories of the USA. Diffusion of...
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