Information Communication Technology and Economic Development
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Information Communication Technology and Economic Development

Learning from the Indian Experience

Edited by Tojo Thatchenkery and Roger R. Stough

Information Communication Technology and Economic Development reveals new insights regarding the complex process of globalization. It shows how the generation and circulation of intellectual capital in the US and India in ICT have led to greater productivity in the US while facilitating the economic development of India. Most industrialized nations now see the vast intellectual capital-based services that India provides at extremely competitive rates as key to their own national competitiveness in the global arena. The contributors’ findings suggest that India’s ICT-led growth will accelerate in the next ten years, launching India as a major global economic power next to the US and China.
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Chapter 11: Intellectual Property in the Indian Software Industry: Past Role and Future Need

Stanley Nollen

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11. Intellectual property in the Indian software industry: past role and future need Stanley Nollen* INTRODUCTION In clusters of modern low- and high-rise office buildings set amid acres of lush greenery here, thousands of engineers are hard at work, writing software for the latest telephones, designing next-generation microprocessors, and developing wireless broadband technology. The work of these engineers is generating significant amounts of intellectual property (IP) for US companies like Cisco Systems, General Electric, IBM, Intel, Motorola, and Texas Instruments – whose various Indian units have filed more than 1 000 patent applications with the US Patent and Trademark Office. Some applications, with patents already granted, date to the early 1990s. But most applications from India have been filed in the last two years and still await decisions by the patent examiners in Washington, DC. New York Times, December 15, 2003 As shown in the news story, there is a growing interest among US companies to locate some of their software development activities in India. According to a Dataquest report, multinational development centers in India filed 845 patents in the fiscal year 2003 and 1 216 in fiscal 2004. In contrast, Indian companies filed an unusually small number of 104 patents applications (Dataquest, July 15, 2004, p. 150). Three questions are discussed in this chapter. • How much IP has been created by the Indian software industry in the past and how much do we expect to be created in the near future? • How well protected is software IP in...

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