Chapter 2: The Double Network Structure of Multinational Firms: A Review of the Evidence
2. The double network structure of multinational ﬁrms: a review of the evidence 2.1 INTRODUCTION In Chapter 1 we suggested that traditional asset exploiting strategies increasingly co-exist with asset seeking activities, through which multinationals gain access to knowledge sources in foreign locations. We also argued that this growing importance of knowledge sourcing abroad goes hand in hand with changes in the organisation of innovative activities, towards what we identiﬁed as a double network structure. In this chapter we shall review the evidence which can be considered consistent with this evolutionary process. In section 2.2 we draw on the rather scattered evidence concerning the diﬀerent aspects of the double network structure: the international dispersion of innovative activities, the degree of autonomy of subsidiaries, the extent to which subsidiaries are embedded in host economies and involved in collaborative ventures with local ﬁrms, and intra-ﬁrm knowledge ﬂows. In section 2.3 we illustrate evidence on the complementarity between internal and external networks. In section 2.4 this complementarity will be examined with reference to the electronics and chemical industries. Section 2.5 concludes. 2.2 EVIDENCE ON THE DOUBLE NETWORK ORGANISATION OF INNOVATIVE ACTIVITIES As discussed in Chapter 1, to the extent that asset seeking strategies are deployed, MNFs are likely to resort to what we deﬁned as a double network structure. Some of the scattered evidence produced in diﬀerent studies using a variety of methodologies can be considered at least consistent with this idea. First, the extensive literature on international R...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.