Organizational Forms and National Institutions
Edited by Marcela Miozzo and Damian Grimshaw
Chapter 2: Principles of Inter-organizational Relationships: An Integrated Survey
Bart Nooteboom INTRODUCTION The sourcing decision – what to make and what to buy – is a special case of the more general decision of what to do inside one’s own organization, and what to do outside, in collaboration with other organizations. Outsourcing entails vertical collaboration in the supply chain. Other forms of collaboration may be horizontal, with competitors, or lateral, with ﬁrms in other industries. Next to the question what to do inside or outside, and why, there are the questions with whom to collaborate, and how, in what forms of organization and with what instruments for governance. The time is ripe for a uniﬁed approach that analyses all these questions, integrating diﬀerent perspectives and arguments that have emerged in recent advances, from diﬀerent disciplines. In particular, there is a need to combine perspectives of competence and governance (Nooteboom 2004a; Williamson 1999). From the perspective of ‘dynamic competences’, there has been a focus on the development of competences and learning, with a neglect of relational risk and its governance. Transaction cost economics (TCE) has focused on ‘hold-up risk’ and the hazards of opportunism, to the neglect of learning and innovation. Concerning governance, network analysis in the social sciences has included the role of trust, while trust has been neglected, or even ruled out, in TCE. In a wide literature, in economics, sociology and business, important new insights have been generated, but they tend to focus on few aspects, resulting in one-sided conclusions. For example, concerning sourcing, opinion seems...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.