The Future of Intermodal Freight Transport
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The Future of Intermodal Freight Transport

Operations, Design and Policy

Edited by Rob Konings, Hugo Priemus and Peter Nijkamp

This book explores the great challenge of increasing the scope of intermodal freight transport. In view of the current dominant role of road transport and the increasing difficulties in coping with a growing number of vehicles in an efficient and sustainable way, intermodal freight transport could be considered a viable alternative. However, the book makes recognition of the fact that there is still a need to improve the performance of the intermodal transport system.
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Chapter 8: A Technical Approach to the Agile Port System

Klaus-Peter Franke


Klaus-Peter Franke INTRODUCTION 8.1 Container ports are breaking points in the intermodal transport chain. To absorb differences in arrival and departure time and quantity between ocean flows and inland flows, often due to a lack of information about the next step of the journey, containers have to be stored on shore (Figure 8.1). This requires sufficient internal transport and stacking crane capacity to cope with peak demands (Kreutzberger 1999). With average dwell-times per container of several days (for example six to eight days in US marine terminals depending on the location of the port; Vickerman 1999) and vessels becoming bigger and bigger (Figure 8.2), storage in container ports is demanding more and more space and driving ports to their spatial limits. As a result, there are endeavours to shift storage facilities from ocean harbours to inland facilities. Examples are the US Agile Port System proposal for large container flows, to be further Figure 8.1 Terminal Burchardkai, HHLA, Hamburg, Germany 135 136 Design and modelling Figure 8.2 Some of the world’s largest container quay cranes serving Maersk S-class vessel in the Port of Rotterdam discussed in this chapter, as well as the European Commission (EC)-funded Asapp-One project for smaller container flows in urban areas (N.N. 2001). 8.2 OUTPLACING STORAGE FACILITIES FROM OCEAN HARBOURS: THE AGILE PORT SYSTEM Some years ago a multi-year research project was launched by the US Transportation Command (USTRANSCOM), the US Maritime Administration (MARAD) and the Center for Commercial Deployment of Transport Technologies (CCDOT) resulting...

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