Operations, Design and Policy
- Transport Economics, Management and Policy series
Edited by Rob Konings, Hugo Priemus and Peter Nijkamp
Chapter 11: Intermodal Freight Network Modelling
Florian Schwarz INTRODUCTION 11.1 Intermodal transport is expected to play a major role in European freight transport. In the past, however, most of the expectations of freight volumes to be handled by intermodal transport have been far too optimistic. For future research on intermodal transport networks two major tasks arise from this experience: ● ● Development of models that accurately describe intermodal transport networks and their possible inﬂuence on the modal split. Analysis and optimization of intermodal transport networks in order to achieve a more competitive intermodal transport system. Both tasks require the modelling of intermodal freight networks. In this chapter, after a short introduction into intermodal transport modelling, some modelling approaches for intermodal freight networks are described, with special attention paid to models that make use of geographic information systems (GIS). Then a new approach for the modelling of intermodal transport networks for seaport hinterland container traﬃc is presented. The goal of this chapter is the investigation of new trimodal transport networks, combining barge, rail and road transport within the same transport chain. The modelling approach for this chapter is based on using both geographic information about the available transport infrastructure for road, rail and inland navigation, and detailed information about necessary processes within intermodal transport chains. 11.2 INTERMODAL TRANSPORT MODELLING Intermodal freight transport is deﬁned as ‘the movement of goods in one and the same loading unit or road vehicle which uses successively two or 206 Intermodal freight network modelling 207 more modes of transport without handling...
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