Operations, Design and Policy
Edited by Rob Konings, Hugo Priemus and Peter Nijkamp
Chapter 14: Development Strategies for Intermodal Transport in Europe
Dimitrios Tsamboulas INTRODUCTION 14.1 The current share of intermodal transport in Europe is low, as is its supply quality, despite continuous eﬀorts for its promotion. This has to be viewed in the context of the highly competitive and congested freight transport market environment, characterized by generally low costs. Congestion on the road network and access to intermodal nodes is a critical issue, especially in urban areas and at critical natural geographic barriers, such as the Alps and the English Channel. Many motorways experience large delays, especially within and near urban centres. Ports, airports and rail terminals are particularly prone to peak congestion periods. In part, the unsatisfactory current status of intermodal transport quality and use is mainly caused by a poor infrastructural inheritance, poor levels of interoperability, fragmentation of operational control, separation of operational control from responsibility, and institutional arrangements that are unclear and continuously changing due to their transitional nature. However, the intermodal transport environment is currently undergoing a restructuring phase at a European level. Certain segments of the market present strong trends for new actors to emerge and for diﬀusion of actors in diﬀerent sectors of transport activity. Within the above-presented context, the present chapter investigates ways and possible strategies to develop intermodal transport further in Europe and increase its modal share. In most cases, freight transport traﬃc must share facilities with passenger traﬃc. As an example, passenger rail services, which provide frequent services between most European cities, receive priority treatment on many...
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