Edited by Deborah A. Cobb-Clark and Siew-Ean Khoo
Chapter 1: Immigration to Australia During the 1990s: Institutional and Labour Market Influences
Barry R. Chiswick and Paul W. Miller INTRODUCTION Australia is often described as a land of immigrants, and government policy has addressed both selection of immigrants and the immigrant settlement process. To provide an informed basis for this, in the 1990s the Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs initiated the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Australia (LSIA). This is a set of two longitudinal surveys of immigrants who received their visas for permanent residence in Australia. The two surveys are referred to as Cohort 1 and Cohort 2 in this book. The population represented in the first survey (Cohort 1) is all Principal Applicants for immigration visas aged 15 years and over who arrived in Australia in the two-year period between September 1993 and August 1995.1 The population represented in the second survey (Cohort 2) is all Principal Applicants aged 15 years and over who arrived in Australia between September 1999 and August 2000. The LSIA data are described in detail in the Technical Appendix. Immigrants in Cohort 1 were interviewed three times. The first interview took place between three and six months after arrival, the second interview one year later (1995–1996) and the third interview a further two years later (1997– 1998), or 3.5 years after immigration. However, immigrants in Cohort 2 were interviewed only twice, with the first interview being held after three to six months of residence in Australia, and the second one year later. This chapter presents an overview of both immigration policy and some...
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