Innovation, Governance and the Institutional Environment
Edited by Birgitte Andersen
Chapter 10: Intellectual Property Rights for Governance in and of Innovation Systems
Ove Granstrand ABSTRACT This chapter attempts to look at the role of IPRs in different innovation systems – national, sectoral, corporate, university and military systems – in a governance perspective. The rapid advent of the pro-IP era from the 1980s on, embedded in the gradual emergence of a new type of economy dominated by intellectual capital, has generally transformed and strengthened various IP regimes in these innovation systems, with an increasing use of patent and licensing oriented regimes. The availability of enforceable and valuable IPRs together with more large-scale R&D and complex new technologies, calling for more inter-ﬁrm technology collaborations and various forms of technology trade (through licences, small ﬁrms, services and so on) have fostered quasi-integrated corporate innovation systems. Seen in a governance perspective the IPR approach creates governance tools but also governance problems, but so do other approaches to incentivizing and coordinating innovative activities as well. A re-evaluation of various approaches is needed, focusing on both incentivizing and coordinating functions, for sustaining efﬁcient and effective innovation systems. Keywords: Technology, Governance, Intellectual Property, Innovation system, Licensing For a list of key concepts, see Appendix 10A and a list of abbreviations, see Appendix 10B. 311 312 Institutions of intellectual property rights governance 1 1.1 INTRODUCTION Background Sustained progress almost by deﬁnition requires a sustainable ﬂow of innovations, that is, new and useful information and things. All currently known economic systems have difﬁculties in inducing and governing such a flow efficiently and alleged signs of their dysfunctioning are...
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