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Employment of Women in Chinese Cultures

Half the Sky

Edited by Cherlyn Skromme Granrose

Examining the employment lives of Chinese women living under different government systems at the beginning of the twenty-first century, the contributors to this volume present an overview of factors affecting the employment status of women. The volume includes chapters on the People’s Republic of China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore – nations that have common Chinese cultural experiences but very different economic systems and government structures.
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Chapter 7: Women’s Development in Hebei Province, PRC

Yong-Qing Fang


Yong-Qing Fang The women’s movement has progressed with the world’s economic development. The first International Women’s Assembly was held in 1975 in Mexico City. The main agenda of the meeting was the shaping of a declaration of equal status for women and a declaration of women’s contribution towards peace and development. This chapter will trace the path from the international declarations of women’s rights through the formulation of the national policy of the People’s Republic of China, to the adoption of Hebei provincial goals for policy implementation. The chapter will end with a summary of the impact of these policies on the lives of women who live in Hebei Province (see Figure 7.1). It will describe the broad perspective of all rights for women, narrowing to an analysis at the provincial level of the specific impact on women’s ability to train for and participate in careers of paid employment. INTERNATIONAL WOMEN’S RIGHTS The meeting in Mexico City was the first meeting on the study and discussion of women’s development held in the international arena, organized under the auspices of various governments. The major outcome of the 1975 International Women’s Assembly was a declaration known as the Mexican Declaration or the World Action Plan for Women’s Development. Representatives of the PRC government attended this meeting. The pact was approved during the United Nations meeting on 18 December 1979. On 3 September 1981, after the approval of 20 nations, it became an international pact. As of 1989, ten years after the...

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