Unveiling Organizational Visions
Edited by Christina Garsten and Monica Lindh de Montoya
Chapter 12: Promoting Transparency, Preventing War: Neoliberalism, Conflict Preventionism and the New Military
12. Promoting transparency, preventing war: neoliberalism, conﬂict preventionism and the new military1 Mattias Viktorin INTRODUCTION In December 2003, a NATO-led military force, comprising troops from 26 nations, intervened in a conﬂict in Bogaland. This military operation did not receive much international publicity – probably because Bogaland, in a sense, does not exist. It is a ﬁctitious country, and the military intervention was an exercise, carried out mostly assisted by computers. The exercise, called Viking 03, had been organized by the Swedish Armed Forces with the overall aim to improve civil–military co-operation in Peace Support Operations (PSOs). Almost a thousand people took part in this event, and among the participants were not only military personnel, but also representatives from civilian organizations such as the International Legal Assistance Consortium, Save the Children, and Amnesty International. The Viking 03 exercise epitomized three sets of signiﬁcant transformations in the contemporary security environment. First, the changing role of the military – from national defence and warﬁghting to international intervention and peacekeeping. Second, the emergence of civil–military alliances, and a related merging of development and security. Third, the growing international interest in understanding, managing, and preventing violent ethnic conﬂicts. Among academics and other commentators, opposing positions have emerged in response to these transformations. One is mainly supportive. According to this perspective, the military needs to adapt to novel circumstances, and in order to succeed in international attempts at managing conﬂicts, improving civil–military co-operation is regarded as imperative. Another position...
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