Handbook on Women in Business and Management
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Handbook on Women in Business and Management

Edited by Diana Bilimoria and Sandy Kristin Piderit

This comprehensive Handbook presents specially commissioned original essays on the societal roles and contexts facing women in business and management, the specific career and work–life issues of women in these fields, organizational processes affecting women, and the role of women as leaders in business and management. The essays shed light on the extant structures and practices of society and organizations that constrain or facilitate women’s representation, treatment, quality of life, and success.
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Chapter 11: Influence and Inclusion: A Framework for Researching Women’s Advancement in Organizations

Diana Bilimoria, Lindsey Godwin and Deborah Dahlen Zelechowski


11 Influence and inclusion: a framework for researching women’s advancement in organizations Diana Bilimoria, Lindsey Godwin and Deborah Dahlen Zelechowski Steadily the importance of women is gaining not only in the routine tasks of industry, but in executive responsibility... Women constitute a part of our industrial achievement. (Herbert Hoover, US President 1928) Women’s workplace responsibilities have arguably advanced considerably in the past several decades. Certain indicators would suggest that gender equality has been reached in the workplace, as statistics show that women today comprise 46 per cent of all US workers (US Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2004) and hold 50 per cent of all professional positions. While these statistics are promising for women’s advancement, other numbers suggest that the glass ceiling has not yet been totally shattered. Particularly disconcerting is the fact that although the number of women qualified for management positions continues to rise – with 51 per cent of bachelor’s degrees and 45 per cent of all advanced degrees being granted to women (US Bureau of the Census, 2000) – an examination of the end of the managerial pipeline shows that very few women are actually moving up to top-level management positions (Ragins et al., 1998). Today, almost 80 years after President Hoover declared women to be a vital part of ‘our industrial achievement’, among Fortune 500 companies, only 7.9 per cent of the top earners, 15.7 per cent of the corporate officers, and less than 2 per cent of the CEOs are women (Catalyst, 2005). The...

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