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Edited by Diana Bilimoria and Sandy Kristin Piderit
Chapter 11: Influence and Inclusion: A Framework for Researching Women’s Advancement in Organizations
11 Inﬂuence and inclusion: a framework for researching women’s advancement in organizations Diana Bilimoria, Lindsey Godwin and Deborah Dahlen Zelechowski Steadily the importance of women is gaining not only in the routine tasks of industry, but in executive responsibility... Women constitute a part of our industrial achievement. (Herbert Hoover, US President 1928) Women’s workplace responsibilities have arguably advanced considerably in the past several decades. Certain indicators would suggest that gender equality has been reached in the workplace, as statistics show that women today comprise 46 per cent of all US workers (US Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2004) and hold 50 per cent of all professional positions. While these statistics are promising for women’s advancement, other numbers suggest that the glass ceiling has not yet been totally shattered. Particularly disconcerting is the fact that although the number of women qualiﬁed for management positions continues to rise – with 51 per cent of bachelor’s degrees and 45 per cent of all advanced degrees being granted to women (US Bureau of the Census, 2000) – an examination of the end of the managerial pipeline shows that very few women are actually moving up to top-level management positions (Ragins et al., 1998). Today, almost 80 years after President Hoover declared women to be a vital part of ‘our industrial achievement’, among Fortune 500 companies, only 7.9 per cent of the top earners, 15.7 per cent of the corporate ofﬁcers, and less than 2 per cent of the CEOs are women (Catalyst, 2005). The...
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