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Spatial Dynamics, Networks and Modelling

Edited by Aura Reggiani and Peter Nijkamp

This important new book provides a valuable set of studies on spatial dynamics, emerging networks and modelling efforts. It employs interdisciplinary concepts alongside innovative trajectories to highlight recent advances in analysing and modelling the spatial economy, transport networks, industrial dynamics and regional systems. It is argued that modelling network processes at different spatial scales provides critical information for the design of plans and policies. Furthermore, a key issue in the current complex and heterogeneous landscape is the adoption and validation of new approaches, models and methodologies, which are able to grasp the emergent aspects of economic uncertainty and discontinuity, as well as overcome the current difficulties of carrying out appropriate forecasts. In exploring diverse pathways for theoretical, methodological and empirical analysis, this exciting volume offers promising and evolutionary perspectives on the modern spatial network society.
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Chapter 10: Modelling the Entrepreneurial Space-Economy: An Overview

Peter Nijkamp and Leo van Wissen


Peter Nijkamp and Leo van Wissen 10.1 ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN A MODERN ECONOMY Industrial dynamics is decisive for the evolution of cities and regions. Yet, such evolutionary processes are not the result of autonomous or given factors, but are instigated by innovative behaviour and modern entrepreneurship. Innovation and entrepreneurship imply the design, production and successful exploitation of new ideas, knowledge, technologies, products, procedures, processes, regulations or organizational modes. Smart competitive strategies are a sine qua non for a successful city or region (see Suarez-Villa 1989; Acs 2002; van Oort 2004). Clearly, entrepreneurship is not just a feature of our age. In the 19th century, in the period of the Industrial Revolution, we have even seen an avalanche of innovations in the context of a new entrepreneurial spirit. Since then, there have apparently been waves of new entrepreneurship and innovations. In the early years of the 21st century, the centrality of entrepreneurship in economic development is unquestioned. New firms and new industries continue to fill gaps in the market left by established firms (Norton 2001). New gaps continue to appear, as societies demand new services, as well as old services in new forms and at different times. The Internet and related information and communications technologies (ICTs) are central to the changes that are taking place. Entrepreneurs, particularly knowledge- and technology-based entrepreneurs, find the agglomeration advantages of large cities attractive and, therefore, reinforce those advantages. The effects of these technologies are not unidirectional, relaxing, or even completely eliminating, the constraints of distance on...

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