Edited by Aura Reggiani and Peter Nijkamp
Chapter 13: Urban Growth and Territorial Dynamics: A Spatial-Econometric Analysis of Spain
José M. Mella-Márquez and Coro Chasco-Yrigoyen 13.1 INTRODUCTION The study of territorial/regional development in Spain has by now a relatively long tradition, especially since the birth in the early 1980s of the autonomous communities (Comunidades Autónomas) or regions, referred to as NUT II.1 There have been plenty of articles and books written about Spanish regional development, and in general they can be considered as a rich economic literature. But when one looks at the regional development topic from the point of view of cities, there are only a few studies and publications are very scarce (Trullén 2002; Trullén et al. 2002; Viladecans 2002; Mayor and López 2003). This chapter tries to improve the knowledge of the Spanish urban system and boost the urban studies in a country that has experienced rapid urbanization within the last four decades. It is evident that, at the international level, this topic has received much more attention (in the European Union: EU, Cheshire 2002; in the USA, Henderson 1986, Glaeser et al. 1992; Henderson et al. 1995; Glaeser 1998, among many other good references). In fact, our intention is to test the same hypothesis as formulated by Cheshire (2002, p. 213): ‘[T]he integration of Europe favours the core regions at the expense of the peripheral ones . . . removing protection as a result of economic integration works to the relative disadvantage of backward, peripheral regions and favours advanced core regions’. Several analyses have been presented in the literature (from Clark et...
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