World Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurship
Show Less

World Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurship

Edited by Léo-Paul Dana

This comprehensive reference work, written by some of the most eminent academics in the field, contains entries on numerous aspects of entrepreneurship.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 2: Chinese Clan Entrepreneurship

David Leong


David Leong When early immigrants arrived at Singapore from China, clan associations provided them with social contacts, training, business ideas, market information, business concepts, start-up capital and technical assistance. This web of ethnic networks played an important role in facilitating the development of entrepreneurship in Singapore. Since different dialect groups had their own associations, this resulted in industry clustering. The Hakka entrepreneurs, for instance, dominated the city’s medical halls. More recently, clan associations in Singapore have been linking up with similar associations overseas, resulting in impressive networks of international entrepreneurs. This chapter presents an account of the evolution of Chinese clan associations into vehicles for international entrepreneurship. Dollinger (1985) explains that entrepreneurs are hardly isolated in their decisions. They are influenced by networks of significant others. Networking involves calling upon a web of contacts for information, support and assistance. The literature on networks is rich. Aldrich and Whetten (1981), Baker (1990), Donckels and Lambrecht (1997), Holt (1987), Johannisson (1986), Mitchell (1973) and others, discuss social ties, which are all explanatory variables for network structures. Aldrich and Zimmer (1986) integrated network theory into the study of entrepreneurship. Carsrud et al. (1986) found networks to be important in understanding new venture development. Aldrich et al. (1987) found network accessibility to be significant in predicting new venture creation. Dubini and Aldrich (1991) found networks central to entrepreneurship. Birley et al. (1991) looked at networks in different geographic contexts. In a study of Korean entrepreneurs in Atlanta, Min and Jaret (1985) found family networks...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.