World Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurship
Show Less

World Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurship

Edited by Léo-Paul Dana

This comprehensive reference work, written by some of the most eminent academics in the field, contains entries on numerous aspects of entrepreneurship.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 27: Implicit Theories of Entrepreneurship

Jeffrey M. Pollack


Jeffrey M. Pollack Implicit theories that individuals hold about human characteristics have influence in numerous domains such as morality, personality, negotiation, leadership, intelligence, work and sports (for a review see Dweck and Leggett, 1988; Kray and Haselhuhn, 2007; Maurer et al., 2003). The idea that individuals differ in their belief systems and that these structures greatly influence attitudes and behavior is common to many perspectives on human behavior. For example, Piaget asserts that the development of meaning systems is as important as logical thinking in forming behavior (Piaget and Garcia, 1991). And, Kelly (1955: 8–9) suggests that each person sees the world through their own frame of reference or their own ‘transparent template’. This social-cognitive approach is useful in an array of domains and would likely contribute to the study of entrepreneurship (Locke and Baum, 2007). Specifically, Dweck’s Implicit Theory Approach (ITA), which examines differences in goals, attributions, and motivational strategies stemming from a person’s beliefs, may be a useful tool by which the literature on entrepreneurial motivation can be extended (Hong et al., 1999; Dweck and Leggett, 1988). For example, Dweck’s ITA provides a framework for understanding a person’s affect, cognition and behavior. The use of a social-cognitive approach within the field of entrepreneurship could prove promising for understanding goal-setting, achievement and responses to business setbacks for developing entrepreneurs (Dweck and Leggett, 1988). Within the domain of entrepreneurship, a person can either hold an entity implicit theory of entrepreneurship (that is, entrepreneurs are ‘born’) or an incremental implicit...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.