Towards a Theory of Internationalization
Edited by Léo-Paul Dana, Isabell M. Welpe, Mary Han and Vanessa Ratten
Chapter 38: Internationalization of SMEs in Ukraine
Nahum Goldmann, Svitlana Slava,Yuriy Makogon, Tetyana Orekhova and Alena Dubouskaya Ukraine: country introduction Ukraine is a post-Soviet republic independent from 1991, with the current constitution accepted in 1996. It includes 24 provinces (‘oblasts’) and the Crimean autonomy. The head of the state is the President, the highest legislative body is the Parliament (‘Verhovna Rada’), and The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (Ukrainian Government) is the top executive body. By 1 January 2004, 96 political parties have been registered in the country. Ukraine is strategically positioned between Europe and Asia. Its most important natural resources are iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulphur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury and timber. The arable land covers nearly 60 per cent of the whole land area. The population of Ukraine, 49.5 million people, makes it the ﬁfth largest in Europe (after Germany, Italy, Great Britain and France); 68 per cent of Ukrainians live in cities, the rest in rural areas. The population is traditionally highly educated: 98 per cent literate. In 2003, 23 per cent of Ukrainians were employed in agriculture (including 12.9 per cent on private family farms), 20.1 per cent in industry, 18 per cent in trade and hospitality, and 7.7 per cent in education. In the Soviet period, the heavy industry and agriculture had dominated the Ukrainian economy. Since the collapse of the USSR, as was typical for all the post-Soviet states, Ukraine has had considerable diﬃculties with the re-establishment of economic activities and commencement of...
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