Intermodality, E-Commerce, Logistics and Sustainability
Edited by Thomas R. Leinbach and Cristina Capineri
Chapter 8: Policy Implications of Dynamic Globalized Freight Flows in Europe
8. Policy implications of dynamic globalized freight ﬂows in Europe Roger Vickerman INTRODUCTION Transport policy and the analysis of transport markets have often focused primarily on domestic transport markets. At the international level interest has focused on the operation of bilateral agreements which have governed much international transport. Rarely have the links between domestic and international transport and the role of international transport in determining the pattern of international trade been brought together as part of the seamless transport experience. Recent work in the ‘new economic geography’ has done much to link transport more fully and formally to location and trade; at the same time the pressures of market globalization in such sectors as ports and airports as well as in transport operators have been forcing a rethinking of the nature and scope of transport policies. Nowhere is this more clear than in the changing priorities of the European Union’s policies towards transport, increasingly governed not so much by the traditional regulatory/public service approaches but by the role which eﬃcient transport plays in European competitiveness. In this chapter we ﬁrst explore the recent history of the development of freight transport and trade both within the EU and in its external relations. Second we examine the constraints on the growth of intermodal transport and the potential for more eﬀective policy intervention. Third we look at the use of e-commerce in the transport sector and its implications for future patterns of growth and eﬃciency. Finally we examine a range...
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