Intermodality, E-Commerce, Logistics and Sustainability
Edited by Thomas R. Leinbach and Cristina Capineri
Chapter 10: Globalized Freight Transport: Conclusions and Future Research
Cristina Capineri and Thomas R. Leinbach INTRODUCTION The themes addressed in this collection of original essays have highlighted the emerging aspects of freight movements at a global scale in the context of transport intensive economies. The overall picture that emerges from the contributions reveals a global system of rapidly increasing traﬃc of diﬀerentiated goods traveling over longer distances with speciﬁc time and place utilities. These ﬂows are especially driven by a highly competitive set of multinational ﬁrms which are sourcing and distributing inputs and ﬁnal goods to growing worldwide markets. The pattern of global freight trade is highly concentrated on select routes and through a relatively small number of gateways. The implications of this spatial selectivity are enormous in terms of externality eﬀects. Moreover, in the long term, signiﬁcant continued growth of global freight ﬂows is expected. Although this growth will be most conspicuous in the emerging Asian economies (especially China and India), ﬂows are expected at least to double in the ﬁrst half of this century in all regions of the world. Environmental eﬀects related to this growth will be signiﬁcant. Road transport remains the most conspicuous mode where infrastructural upgrading is continuous and polluting and noise eﬀects are signiﬁcant. Transport operations have become more sophisticated and complex both in the provision and management of vehicles and infrastructure and in the services oﬀered. Related to this are the growing specialized needs associated with cargo movements, which demand creative logistical...
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