Handbook of Research on Cluster Theory
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Handbook of Research on Cluster Theory

Edited by Charlie Karlsson

Clusters have increasingly dominated local and regional development policies in recent decades and the growing intellectual and political interest for clusters and clustering is the prime motivation for this Handbook. Charlie Karlsson unites leading experts to present a thorough overview of economic cluster research.
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Chapter 17: Clustering in the Broadcasting Industry

Gary A.S. Cook and Naresh R. Pandit


Gary A.S. Cook and Naresh R. Pandit 1 Introduction It is a commonplace that creative industries, of which broadcasting is an important example, are principally urban phenomena and have a strong tendency to be highly agglomerated within particular cities (Florida, 2002; Hall, 2000; Landry, 2000; Scott, 2000). This chapter will analyse the causes and effects of such agglomeration. Scott (2000) identifies New York, Los Angeles, London, Paris and Tokyo as the leading examples of privileged centres for the production of cultural artefacts, not least due to the interactions between a broad range of agglomerated cultural industries within them. Within television broadcasting, including programme production specifically, Hollywood is dominant, with London and Tokyo being other major global centres. The chapter focuses on television broadcasting, which is far more highly concentrated than radio broadcasting. In the course of the chapter there will be reflection on a number of key issues and debates in the economic geography literature in respect of which the broadcasting industry offers some relevant evidence. These debates are briefly set out in the literature review. The evidence reported thereafter relating to the UK broadcasting industry is based on three sources: a large-scale econometric study of cluster dynamics using financial data on 1213 broadcasting firms throughout the UK; an interview survey consisting of 72 interviews conducted mainly with firms in the three cities, London, Bristol and Glasgow, between 2001 and 2002; a questionnaire survey of firms in London conducted between January and April 2004,...

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