The Successes and Failures of Urban Economic Strategies in Europe
Chapter 6: The Ten Cities and their Planning for 2005–2015
One of the most striking changes that has taken place during the past 15 years is the fact that almost all internationally engaged cities are undertaking some form of strategic–economic planning. For some it is an explicit, formal exercise that conforms largely to the suggestions that were made earlier in Chapter 2; for others it is a less explicit continuation of implementation of a strategic thrust that has served the metropolitan region well for many years. Partly this is due to the recognition by each set of city leaders that action on their part is required if they are to avoid marginalization and stagnation of their economy for the next decade; in part, the publicity and experience sharing that has been part of the increased participation in entities such as Eurocities, Metropolis, and other international and national organizations of city governments has put strategic–economic planning on the desk of every city leader in the world. So the future is certain to be one of increased municipal action, planning, concern for urban competitiveness, inter-urban problem and experience sharing, and lobbying superior levels of government for funding of and authority to proceed with transportation, housing, city center renewal, education and training and all of the other things that are crucial to the well functioning and competitive metropolitan region. For cities in Europe, while macro- and micro-economic and global and regional turbulence have not had powerfully disruptive impacts on all cities, each has been of some consequence on almost all of...
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