A Handbook of Terrorism and Insurgency in Southeast Asia
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A Handbook of Terrorism and Insurgency in Southeast Asia

Edited by Andrew T.H. Tan

This timely and significant book seeks to explain the deep-seated complexities of terrorism and insurgency in Southeast Asia. In the aftermath of 9/11, this region has been designated by the United States to be the ‘second front’ in the war on terrorism. Yet despite the emergence of this ‘new’ global terrorism, the authors argue that armed rebellion in Southeast Asia is a phenomenon that predates Al Qaeda and the global Jihadist movement and that much can be learned from the motivations behind it.
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Chapter 8: Jihad in Maluku

Badrus Sholeh


Badrus Sholeh Islamic forces after the new order The Muslim–Christian conflict in the Maluku islands in Indonesia, which began in 1999 has been a much under-reported civil war, despite the fact that over 10 000 people were killed and over half a million rendered homeless. This chapter will examine how the conflict developed after the setting up of the Java-based radical Muslim paramilitaries of the Laskar Jihad (holy warriors) in the Malukus. The arrival of the Laskar Jihad was itself a response to developments in national politics and assertions by radical Muslims that Muslim-cleansing was taking place in Maluku. This chapter will argue that religious segregation became much more pronounced within a year of the start of the conflict, as mixed Muslim and Christian regions in Maluku were destroyed in the fighting. The conflict essentially forced the respective communities to take refuge in their own separate areas. The Laskar Jihad will be seen as a type of ‘premanism’, though it is in this case maintained by a religious creed. Lindsey’s analysis of premanism is crucial to our understanding of the conflict. He shows how certain elites employed vigilante groups to inflate the conflict and how they gained economic privileges as a result.1 Analyses by Aditjondro and Tomagola, in examining the relations between the central elite and the preman-laskar, confirm Lindsey’s assessment that both state and privatelyfunded premanism existed. According to Lindsey, premanism is: derived from the Dutch for ‘free man’ and...

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