Small Country Innovation Systems
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Small Country Innovation Systems

Globalization, Change and Policy in Asia and Europe

Edited by Charles Edquist and Leif Hommen

This major book presents case studies of ten small country national systems of innovation (NSIs) in Europe and Asia, namely, Denmark, Finland, Hong Kong, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway, Singapore, South Korea, Sweden and Taiwan. These cases have been carefully selected as examples of success within the context of globalization and as ‘new economies’ where competition is increasingly based on innovation.
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Chapter 12: Globalization and Innovation Policy

Leif Hommen and Charles Edquist


Leif Hommen and Charles Edquist 1 INTRODUCTION We argued in the introductory chapter that comparisons of the ten national systems of innovation (NSI) addressed in this volume are facilitated by an agreed-upon conceptual and theoretical framework as well as the use of a common table of contents in the country studies. Both the framework and the common table of contents were presented there. In this chapter we will largely limit ourselves to addressing two issues on a comparative basis: ● ● The role of growth and globalization for small NSI Innovation policy, which will be dealt with more extensively. Many other kinds of comparisons can be made on the basis of the case studies included in this anthology. However, making such comparisons will largely be left to the readers of this book, for whom the choice of issues for comparison, the selection of countries and the manner of comparison will naturally be governed by particular backgrounds, interests and objectives. By incorporating case studies of the ten NSI into this volume, we have simply provided a basis for pursuing these various kinds of comparisons. Before dealing with the two issues listed above, we shall begin with a few general remarks on the activities-based framework presented in the introduction, concentrating on its usefulness for comparing NSI (Section 2). Subsequently, we shall address methodological issues regarding comparison between NSI (Section 3) and then present a classification of the ten NSI, identifying different contexts of growth and globalization (Section 4). Thereafter, we shall conduct...

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