Small Country Innovation Systems
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Small Country Innovation Systems Globalization, Change and Policy in Asia and Europe

Globalization, Change and Policy in Asia and Europe

Edited by Charles Edquist and Leif Hommen

This major book presents case studies of ten small country national systems of innovation (NSIs) in Europe and Asia, namely, Denmark, Finland, Hong Kong, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway, Singapore, South Korea, Sweden and Taiwan. These cases have been carefully selected as examples of success within the context of globalization and as ‘new economies’ where competition is increasingly based on innovation.
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Appendix: Statistical Bases of Comparison for Ten ‘Small Country’ NSI

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Appendix: statistical bases of comparison for ten ‘small country’ NSI Pierre Bitard, Leif Hommen and Jekaterina Novikova 1 1.1 NATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS Size and Population Surface area and population of the ten countries, 2004 Surface area Total (sq.km) Water (sq.km) 700 33 672 50 1 390 290 7 643 16 360 10 39 030 3 720 Land (sq.km) 42 394 304 473 1 042 68 890 98 190 33 883 307 860 682.7 410 934 32 260 Total 5 413 392 5 214 512 6 855 125 3 969 558 48 598 175 16 318 199 4 574 560 4 353 893 8 986 400 22 749 838 Population Median age (yrs) 39.2 40.7 39.4 33.4 33.7 38.7 37.9 36.2 40.3 33.7 Growth rate (%) 0.35 0.18 0.65 1.16 0.62 0.57 0.41 1.71 0.18 0.64 Table A1.1 Country Denmark Finland Hong Kong Ireland* Korea** Netherlands Norway Singapore Sweden Taiwan 43 094 338 145 1 092 70 280 98 480 41 526 324 220 692.7 449 964 35 980 Notes: * Excluding Northern Ireland. ** South Korea. Source: CIA, The World Factbook, Washington, DC, 2004. Available at: http://www.cia. gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html. 485 1.2 Human Development Indicators Table A1.2 UNDP Human Development Index standing for the ten countries, 20041 Indicators: life expectancy, education and GDP per capita GDP per capita value (PPP US$) 2002 Life expectancy at birth (years) 2002 Combined primary, secondary & tertiary gross enrolment ratio (%) 2001/20022 95.8 106.0 72.0 90.1 92.0 99.5 97.9 87.0 114.0 n.a. GDP per capita (PPP US$) 2002 Country...

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