Entrepreneurship in the Creative Industries
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Entrepreneurship in the Creative Industries

An International Perspective

Edited by Colette Henry

The creative industries represent a vital, exciting and rapidly changing field of activity; one that is now recognised as a key growth sector in the knowledge-based economy. However, there is still a general lack of understanding of what is meant by the term ‘creative industry’, and thxe creative sector has not, to date, been the subject of concerted academic research. This book redresses the balance by providing valuable insights into the creative entrepreneurial process and platforming some of the key challenges yet to be addressed.
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Chapter 9: Encouraging Creative Enterprise in Russia

Linda Moss


Linda Moss1 INTRODUCTION Since the collapse of the Soviet system, a demand-led, market economy has been developing in Russia in a very sporadic way. In some sectors the impact has been both profound and immediate (for example, the expansion of the extractive raw materials industry, which accounts for 80 per cent of Russia’s export income; the proliferation of multinational retail stores and the growth of private car ownership), but in other areas, change has been slow, difficult and spasmodic. One area in particular which has witnessed slow and spasmodic change is the cultural sector, a sector which is still largely in the hands of large, traditional, long-established arts organizations supported by state funding, and controlled by an administration that has remained intact from the communist period, despite political change. Market forces have had an impact in the field of popular mass culture (for example, publishing, cinema, broadcasting and other media), but the non-profit sector, which constitutes a major part of the cultural economy in many Western countries, remains underdeveloped in Russia. For instance, non-profit museums form 49 per cent of all museums in Austria, and 41 per cent of all museums in Holland; arts employment in Spain is 24 per cent in the non-profit sector. In Eastern Europe, arts employment percentages vary from 3 percent to 5 per cent in non-profit organizations while over 80 per cent of cultural employment is still in the public sector.2 Despite the support of international finance and expertise to...

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