Enlargement, Integration and Reform
Edited by Peter Leisink, Bram Stejin and Ulke Veersma
13. Concluding Analysis Peter Leisink, Bram Steijn and Ulke Veersma INTRODUCTION The central question driving this book was formulated as: ‘how does the process of European integration impact on industrial relations at the various levels, and who are the main actors in this process?’ Following the answers provided by the individual chapters, we now aim to examine this question by putting it into the broader picture of an enlarged Europe that is experiencing severe pressure from globalization. We will have a closer look at the various national systems that exist under the umbrella of Europe, and the European Social Model that is part of it. We will first attempt to formulate an answer to the central question by examining three of the possible expectations with regard to Europeanization and national industrial relations, and then evaluate these by factoring in the actors involved. Indeed, as Knill and Lehmkuhl (2002) note, the diversity of the localized responses to the Europeanization process can only be understood by taking account of the active involvement of national actors with their respective interests and the resources they can mobilize. Following an analysis of the impact of Europeanization on national industrial relations practices, we will turn specifically to public-sector industrial relations and the way in which these are changing under the sway of the public management reform ideas currently seen in Europe. Finally, the chapter will shed some light on the future of European industrial relations and the possible development of a social Europe involving an...
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