Competitive Advantage and Competition Policy in Developing Countries
Show Less

Competitive Advantage and Competition Policy in Developing Countries

Edited by Paul Cook, Raul Fabella and Cassey Lee

The book discusses competition from different theoretical perspectives and examines the implications these viewpoints have for policy. The contributors assess competitiveness in domestic markets and the impact of foreign competition. They also review the experiences of a range of countries in developing competition policy and examine both the strengths and weaknesses of these policies.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 3: Model Competition Laws

Cassey Lee


Cassey Lee INTRODUCTION The number of countries that have implemented competition law has risen significantly in the past two decades. More than half of such countries enacted competition laws within the 1990–99 period – the decade of extensive economic reforms. The drafting of competition laws in these countries benefited from the experiences of some of the more developed countries or communities such as the United States, Japan, Germany and the European Community. There is in fact a discernable legal lineage in the competition laws of some countries (Table 3.1). For example, Thailand, in drafting its own competition law, borrowed from South Korea, which in turn was influenced by the competition laws of Japan and Germany. It is well known that both Japan and Germany implemented their competition laws during the occupation period by the United States. International aid and development agencies such as the OECD, the World Bank and UNCTAD have also been influential in prompting developing countries to implement competition laws. Both Indonesia and Thailand implemented their competition laws as part of their commitments in the structural adjustment programmes in the aftermath of the Asian financial crisis in 1997/98. Similarly, South Korea made significant reforms in its competition law under similar circumstances. Table 3.1 Country Japan (1947) Australia (1974) South Korea (1980) Taiwan (1992) Thailand (1999) Indonesia (1999) Country influence in competition law design Influence From USA (1890) USA (1890) Japan (1947), Germany (1957) Japan (1947), Germany (1957) South Korea (1980) USA...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.