Edited by Neal M. Ashkanasy and Cary L. Cooper
Chapter 6: The Impact of Emotions, Moods and Other Affect-related Variables on Creativity, Innovation and Initiative
6 The impact of emotions, moods and other aﬀect-related variables on creativity, innovation and initiative Johannes Rank and Michael Frese We can now conceive what an emotion is. It is a transformation of the world. When the paths before us become too diﬃcult, or when we cannot see our way, we can no longer put up with such an exacting and diﬃcult world. All ways are barred and nevertheless we must act. So then we try to change the world. (Sartre, 1939, p. 39) Introduction Creativity, innovation and initiative can be described as processes that facilitate transitions into desired future states, including transformations of individual work roles, teams and entire organizations (Rank et al., 2004b). As the introductory quote suggests, emotions may reﬂect a transformation of one’s world. Whereas Jean-Paul Sartre’s existentialist emotion theory depicted the experience of emotion as an escapist choice to deliberately change one’s perception of reality, recent research suggests that both positive and negative aﬀect may contribute to real changes of the world by inﬂuencing creativity and innovation (e.g., George & Zhou, 2002; Anderson et al., 2004; Amabile et al., 2005). The purpose of this chapter is to review and integrate the literature on the inﬂuence of aﬀectrelated variables on creativity, innovation and initiative in organizations and to provide suggestions for future research. The relationship between aﬀect and creativity is one of the most fascinating and puzzling areas of enquiry in psychology and organizational behavior (Higgins et al...
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