Research Companion to Emotion in Organizations
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Research Companion to Emotion in Organizations

Edited by Neal M. Ashkanasy and Cary L. Cooper

This Companion brings together many leading scholars to address a wide range of topics in 38 chapters, across five levels of organizational analysis – including within-person, between-person (individual differences), relationships, groups, and the organization as a whole. Chapters tackle structure and measurement of emotion, antecedents and consequences of positive and negative emotions, including effects on work satisfaction and performance. The expression, recognition, and regulation of emotion and the propagation of mood and emotion in groups are also dealt with. The Companion explores contemporary issues including leadership, organizational climate and culture, as well as organizational change.
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Chapter 6: The Impact of Emotions, Moods and Other Affect-related Variables on Creativity, Innovation and Initiative

Johannes Rank and Michael Frese


6 The impact of emotions, moods and other affect-related variables on creativity, innovation and initiative Johannes Rank and Michael Frese We can now conceive what an emotion is. It is a transformation of the world. When the paths before us become too difficult, or when we cannot see our way, we can no longer put up with such an exacting and difficult world. All ways are barred and nevertheless we must act. So then we try to change the world. (Sartre, 1939, p. 39) Introduction Creativity, innovation and initiative can be described as processes that facilitate transitions into desired future states, including transformations of individual work roles, teams and entire organizations (Rank et al., 2004b). As the introductory quote suggests, emotions may reflect a transformation of one’s world. Whereas Jean-Paul Sartre’s existentialist emotion theory depicted the experience of emotion as an escapist choice to deliberately change one’s perception of reality, recent research suggests that both positive and negative affect may contribute to real changes of the world by influencing creativity and innovation (e.g., George & Zhou, 2002; Anderson et al., 2004; Amabile et al., 2005). The purpose of this chapter is to review and integrate the literature on the influence of affectrelated variables on creativity, innovation and initiative in organizations and to provide suggestions for future research. The relationship between affect and creativity is one of the most fascinating and puzzling areas of enquiry in psychology and organizational behavior (Higgins et al...

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