Edited by Neal M. Ashkanasy and Cary L. Cooper
Chapter 12: Measuring Emotion: Methodological Issues and Alternatives
Marie T. Dasborough, Marta Sinclair, Rebekah Russell-Bennett and Alastair Tombs* Introduction Given the increased proﬁle of emotions in the past decade (Ashkanasy & Daus, 2002), the aim of this chapter is to raise awareness of measurement issues. As scholars, we are interested in examining emotions as dependent and independent variables, and also in manipulation checks to verify experimental induction of emotional states. In spite of the many studies on emotion, poor measurement remains the Achilles’ heel of this line of research (Huelsman et al., 2003). Accurate assessment of emotion is imperative for advancing knowledge in this ﬁeld; therefore, our focus is on critical evaluation of commonly used emotions measures. Although there is no one agreed-upon deﬁnition, it is acknowledged that emotions involve cognitive appraisal, physiological arousal, and subjective feelings (Kleinginna & Kleinginna, 1981). While there is debate over the order of these responses, we do know that each element may be used to measure emotions. The most common method is through self-report measures which tap into cognitive appraisal and subjective feelings. For the purpose of this chapter, the following discussion revolves around a number of intricate issues involved with emotions research. First, we explore questions surrounding the deﬁnition of emotion and the implications for self-report measurement. Then, we turn our attention to speciﬁc self-report measures. Finally, we present some alternative measures, and conclude with some future directions for emotion measurement. Emotion deﬁnition and implications for measurement There are inconsistencies in the measurement of emotions, and danger lies...
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