Incentives, Regulations and Plans
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Incentives, Regulations and Plans

The Role of States and Nation-states in Smart Growth Planning

Edited by Gerrit-Jan Knaap, Huibert A. Haccoû, Kelly J. Clifton and John W. Frece

This unique book allows readers to compare analyses of how North American states and European nation-states use incentives, regulations or plans to approach a core set of universal land use issues such as: containing sprawl, mixed use development, transit oriented development, affordable housing, healthy urban designs, and marketing smarter growth.
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Chapter 5: Smart Growth: Opportunity or Threat to Affordable Housing?

Charles Connerly


5. Smart Growth: Opportunity or threat to affordable housing? Charles Connerly INTRODUCTION The purpose of this chapter is to address the issue of how well state-initiated smart growth assures a sufficient supply of affordable housing, both to meet expanding population demands as well as to help meet existing affordable housing need. It begins by raising the issue of the relationship between smart growth and affordable housing and whether smart growth is a threat or an opportunity for affordable housing. It briefly describes the empirical research that explores the connection between smart growth and affordable housing and concludes, as have others, that various approaches to controlling population growth can increase housing prices and decrease housing affordability, thereby suggesting that smart growth is a potential threat to affordable housing. At the same time, the chapter briefly recognizes and assesses a number of key affordable housing strategies that can be effectively incorporated into a state-led smart growth agenda. The key question then becomes, how likely is it that local and state governments practicing smart growth will adopt these strategies? A preliminary answer to this question is given by examining the case of Florida, which has adopted both significant smart growth and affordable housing legislation, and asking whether this legislation has resulted in significant integration of affordable housing with smart growth strategies. Florida’s growth management legislation exhibits smart growth features and therefore provides an excellent case to...

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