The Role of States and Nation-states in Smart Growth Planning
- New Horizons in Regional Science series
Edited by Gerrit-Jan Knaap, Huibert A. Haccoû, Kelly J. Clifton and John W. Frece
Chapter 11: Smart Growth Strategies as a Challenge for Dutch Developmental Planning Policies
Leonie B. Janssen-Jansen INTRODUCTION The new spatial policy in The Netherlands, as presented in the recently published Nota Ruimte delegates more responsibilities to provinces, municipalities and private players (Ministry of Spatial Planning et al. 2004). The region has reappeared on the planning agenda. Centralized governmental planning is to be abandoned and decentralized governance approaches stimulated. At the same time, spatial arrangement and growth control are no longer on top of the agenda. They have been replaced by spatial developmental policy (ontwikkelingsplanologie) (WRR 1998). Planning should increasingly take social dynamics into account when answering the question posed by the Social Economic Council (SER 2002): ‘What dynamics does society want where in the next couple of years?’ The present, and somewhat famous, permissive and conservative character of the Dutch planning system will be pushed aside in favor of developmental policy approaches. Developmental planning is about interactive development and implementation aimed at developing value-added comprehensive plans for an area, in cooperation with all the regional players. The ultimate goal is to improve spatial quality. Other terms that are used for this kind of planning are innovative development planning, multifunctional intensive land use (MILU), innovative land use, integrated area-oriented planning and strategic spatial planning (de Roo 2002; Habiforum 2003; Dammers et al. 2004; Janssen-Jansen 2004). All these labels have a comparable content. They aim to couple spatial investments and improve spatial quality by protecting natural resources and revitalizing communities in The Netherlands by means of comprehensive, area-oriented approaches. Furthermore, emphasis is put on...
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