Entrepreneurship, Cooperation and the Firm
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Entrepreneurship, Cooperation and the Firm

The Emergence and Survival of High-Technology Ventures in Europe

Edited by Jan Ulijn, Dominique Drillon and Frank Lasch

The book is an exceptional result of a distinctive network of European and American scholars, practitioners, and members of public institutions interested in the critical issues of emergence and survival of technology and knowledge based firms. The contributors study examples from both the old EU-member states such as France, Germany, the UK and the Netherlands, as well as newer countries such as Slovenia and Estonia. The book is unique in bringing culture and psychology together in the particular context of the nascent technopreneur.
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Chapter 8: European Territorial Cooperation to Improve Competitiveness in the Union: The Case of EU-Funded Cooperation in Central and Southeastern Europe

Ulrich Graute


Ulrich Graute INTRODUCTION The history of European integration over the past five decades has been a striving for two different objectives: to foster economic competitiveness and to reduce regional discrepancies (Middlemas, 1995; Camagni, 2000). The economy may be competitive but if society and the environment suffer too much, the country will face major difficulties. The same happens when the economy is too weak. Therefore governments in the long run cannot focus solely on the economic competitiveness of their country; instead they need an integrated approach in order to govern effectively. The same is true on a European level and here the key term used is ‘cohesion’ – economic, social and recently also territorial cohesion of the Union. Although the European Union (EU) is no state with one nation, one government and a common territory, it has developed an institutional setting which in many respects is similar to that of a state. European institutions such as the European Council, the European Parliament and the European Commission take decisions which affect the lives of all EU citizens. Competitiveness of the economy and its enterprises matters, but at the same time it is in competition with other policy objectives of the Union and its members. This chapter features a newly emerging field: European spatial development and European territorial cooperation. While the first term applies to the informal policy of EU member states to better coordinate the territorial development of the Union, the second applies to the proposal of the...

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