A Survey of Current Issues
Edited by Tom Tietenberg and Henk Folmer
Susmita Dasgupta,* Hua Wang and David Wheeler* 1. INTRODUCTION This chapter provides a chronicle of experience, as well as an analytical perspective. For the past decade, we have planned and implemented pollution disclosure strategies with many environmental agencies in Asia, Latin America and Africa. In the chapter, we draw on our own experience and the professional literature to address several basic questions about pollution disclosure: what is the rationale for it? How has it worked in practice? What factors have determined its success or failure? What future developments seem likely, and what complementary research agenda looks promising? We begin by deﬁning the limits of our exposition. Pollution is a very general term for byproducts of human activity that damage health and ecosystems by contaminating the air, water and soil. We focus principally on polluting emissions from factories, both because our own experience lies in this domain, and because the professional literature has provided an extensive treatment of the topic. On occasion, however, we draw on illustrative cases from a broader set of activities that generate negative social externalities. Our topic is actually broader than ‘disclosure,’ which carries a connotation of exposure or revelation. The term is commonly used only because widely disseminated public information about speciﬁc polluters is relatively new, and the ﬁrst release of such information has a revelatory aspect. To be eﬀective, however, public disclosure has to sustain itself in ongoing public information programs. Although we devote some attention to voluntary disclosure, we focus...
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