A European Perspective
Edited by Ekin Birol and Phoebe Koundouri
Chapter 5: How Can Choice Experiments Inform Public Environmental Policies: A French Case Study of Landscape Valuation
Jeanne Dachary-Bernard INTRODUCTION Even though the choice experiment method (CEM) has been applied to non-market environmental valuation since the 1990s (for example, Adamowicz et al., 1994), applications of this method are still scarce in France. There is a wide gap between the use of traditional stated preference techniques such as the contingent valuation method (CVM) or revealed preference methods such as the hedonic pricing, and the use of CEM in the French economic literature (Josien and Rambonilaza, 2004). There are very few and recent French studies on choice experiments (Dachary-Bernard, 2004; Bonnieux et al., 2006), and they focus on landscape conservation and forest management respectively. Yet French environmental valuation is increasingly being developed by technical ministries and public agencies which progressively take the initiative in ﬁnancing a range of economic valuations. We can therefore assume that the use of the CEM in France is very likely to increase considerably. Among the various environmental concerns of French policies, landscape is becoming a key issue in public debate. This concern for landscape emerged from the need to bring environmental research and policies into line with social demands. With the 1993 law on the protection and enhancement of landscape, which amended certain legal measures regarding public inquiries, France was equipped with a strong tool enabling it to democratise landscape management. The same has applied at European level, since the Council of Europe adopted the European Landscape Convention on 20 October 2000 (with a recent French ratiﬁcation on 17 March 2006), ‘to promote...
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