Choice Experiments Informing Environmental Policy
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Choice Experiments Informing Environmental Policy

A European Perspective

Edited by Ekin Birol and Phoebe Koundouri

This innovative book is a compilation of state-of-the-art choice experiment studies undertaken in several European Union (EU) countries, including Finland, France, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Spain and the United Kingdom. The case studies presented concern a variety of environmental, agricultural and natural resource issues – such as the management of water resources, forests and agricultural landscapes; conservation of biodiversity and cultural heritage; noise pollution reduction and food labeling. The book highlights how the choice experiment method can be employed to inform efficient and effective design and implementation of various EU level agricultural and environmental policies and directives, including the Common Agricultural Policy, Water Framework Directive, Forestry Strategy, Habitats Directive and food labeling systems.
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Chapter 13: Enjoy the Silence: Valuing Rail Noise Abatement in Trento, Italy

Paulo A.L.D. Nunes and Chiara Maria Travisi


Paulo A.L.D. Nunes and Chiara Maria Travisi INTRODUCTION The Italian overall noise regulation was set in 1995.1 Since 1998, rail noise pollution has also been regulated by a law2 that sets day-time and nighttime limits on reception locations, depending on their vulnerability and distance from the railway. Residential areas or vulnerable receptors, such as schools and hospitals, therefore have lower limits than less vulnerable ones. Reception limits refer to a precise spatial area along the railway which includes receptors within 250 metres from it. This area is divided into two portions, named ‘Zone A’ and ‘Zone B’ respectively, 100 and 150 metres away from the railroad track, and characterised by different noise reception limits. Almost one decade after the definition of the Italian national noise regulation, the implementation of the required noise abatement measures is still largely incomplete, and only very recently we have witnessed the rise of a national debate on how to proceed in order to abate rail noise below the current unacceptable limits. This chapter considers the case of the Brennero railway, located in the North-East of Italy, where for the first time in Italy local authorities are formally debating on the most preferable type of noise abatement strategy to be implemented (see Figure 13.1). Recently the Italian Ministry of the Environment has indicated preference for noise abatement strategies based on substantial investments in renewing train vehicles and tracks rather than creating new noise barriers (for a discussion see Watkiss et al., 2001). According to...

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