Globalisation, Citizenship and the War on Terror
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Globalisation, Citizenship and the War on Terror

Edited by Maurice Mullard and Bankole A. Cole

This book explores globalisation and the war on terror in a world that is becoming increasingly and significantly polarised and in which dialogue is undermined. The authors contend that citizenship does not obey a static definition, and that its meaning is located in changing economic, social and political contexts. Equally, civil, political and social rights are continually being politically defined. The war on terror has, the book argues, influenced issues of civil liberties and prioritised the need for ‘security’ over and above the protection of human rights: it has redefined the meaning of the rule of law.
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Chapter 12: Elias, Organised Violence and Terrorism

Tony Ward and Peter Young


Tony Ward and Peter Young INTRODUCTION What contribution can criminology make to the explanation of terrorism? The growth of terrorism and the global war on it are two of the most significant social changes of late modern society. Terrorism is a type of violent crime and the war on it marks a distinct type of global control response. The subject matter of criminology is the study of crime and its control, so a criminological explanation of both ought to be possible; it ought to come from its core. This chapter offers a suggestion as to how criminology might address that explanatory task, by taking a step back from what many in the discipline would see as some of its central contemporary concerns. Criminology is a diverse discipline, and the study of state violence that interests some of us (Green and Ward, 2004) may seem far removed from the central preoccupations of mainstream criminology, which focus on why individuals engage in routine forms of ‘ordinary’ law breaking. Many criminologists are centrally concerned with constructing empirically rooted explanations of how crime fits into the daily routines of life. In some respects this focus upon the ordinary, routine nature of criminal activity is to be understood as a reaction to a tradition in criminology that started from the assumption that criminals are different in a number of ways from non-criminals. David Garland (2001) has described these different strains in criminology graphically as, on the one hand, ‘a criminology of...

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