An Integrated Approach
- The Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei series on Economics, the Environment and Sustainable Development
Edited by Carlo Giupponi, Anthony J. Jakeman, Derek Karssenberg and Matt P. Hare
24/01/2006 13.47 - Sustainable Management of Water Resources – p. 131 6. Software Support for Multi-Criteria Decision Making Marjan van Herwijnen and Ron Janssen 6.1 INTRODUCTION Few decisions have a single objective. The very idea of making decisions suggests the need for considering multiple aspects and achieving a successful blend of performances. Management of water resources is no exception to this general rule. Multiple stakeholders participate in management of water resources. This results in multiple objectives to be considered by any decision maker involved in water management. Examples are: • • • Selection of a management strategy for a freshwater lake. Objectives are water quality, water quantity, biodiversity, recreational quality, residential quality, cost, etc.; Selection of a flood management strategy. Objectives are risk of flooding, biodiversity, visual quality, land use and cost; Selecting a strategy for river basin management. Objectives are water quality, flood risks and navigation, but also visual quality of the landscape and biodiversity. Because water is in many cases a public good, the decision maker is often a public body. This public body must take into account the interest of a multitude of stakeholders and has to be able to justify its decisions. The decision maker evaluates a set of alternatives, which represent the possible choices. The objectives to be achieved drive the design (or screening) of these alternatives and determine their overall evaluation. Attributes are the measurement rods for the objectives and specify the degree to which each alternative matches the objectives. Factual information and value judgements jointly establish the...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.