An Integrated Approach
- The Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei series on Economics, the Environment and Sustainable Development
Edited by Carlo Giupponi, Anthony J. Jakeman, Derek Karssenberg and Matt P. Hare
Chapter 8: Methods for Stakeholder Participation in Water Management
Matt P. Hare, Olivier Barreteau, M. Bruce Beck, Rebecca A. Letcher, Erik Mostert, J. David Tàbara, Dagmar Ridder, Valerie Cogan and Claudia Pahl-Wostl 8.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter, by way of case studies, illustrates the variety of participatory methods that can and are being applied to carry out participatory water management activities around the world. To understand which participatory method to apply to any given participatory management context is not straightforward. Participatory methods may work in some contexts and not so well in others. A good analysis and understanding of when participatory methods can be best applied are important. This chapter develops such an analysis based on the assumption that, in practice, methods are selected to match a set of four participatory management criteria: a) the particular management stage to be supported; b) the goal of participation; c) the desired level of participation; and d) the type of stakeholders involved (see Hare et al., 2003). Five case studies are thus categorised according to these criteria and critiques their application of particular methods in order to help readers to identify methods that may be suitable for their own participatory management contexts and to copy the successes of previous research, whilst avoiding the pitfalls. In Chapter 7, Erik Mostert introduced the concept of public and stakeholder participation in water management. He explained what participatory water management can be, gave reasons for why it is being promoted, defined different levels of participation and provided some principles for the design of such participatory processes....
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