European Practice and Experience
Edited by Clive George and Colin Kirkpatrick
Chapter 12: Implementing a Monitoring System for the French National Strategy for Sustainable Development
Benoit Simon and Jean-Pierre Sivignon I. INTRODUCTION This chapter presents work carried out for the French Ministry of Ecology and Sustainable Development, which aimed to develop a monitoring system for the French national strategy for sustainable development. This focused on the evaluation of sustainability along three axes. First, a reﬂection on the framework of the national strategy for SD: we asked questions such as how can a hierarchy between strategic objectives be made? How can the multiplication of actions be avoided? Where should the frontiers be between SD policies and other government policies? Second, we discuss the methodology used to elaborate indicators. The partial use of logical diagrams, screening indicators (individually and at the system level) through a quality assessment grid and an Intranet for fulﬁlling indicators are all considered. Finally, we reﬂect on the diﬃculties encountered during the process. II. THE FRENCH NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT The development of a national strategy for sustainable development is the response to the commitment made by the French government in the framework of the UN and conﬁrmed during the Johannesburg Summit. This national strategy has to be coherent with the European strategy for SD, adopted in 2001. France ﬁrst initiated a strategy for SD in 1997. This ﬁrst strategy was based on the following orientations: taking into account SD in all public policies; carrying out studies to apply SD principles in transport, waste and agriculture sectors; establishing a charter for consultation so as to favour transparency...
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