European Practice and Experience
Edited by Clive George and Colin Kirkpatrick
Chapter 14: Challenges of Regulating Integrated Impact Assessment: The Case of Slovenia
Mojca Golobic and Franc Zakrajs ek ˇ I. INTRODUCTION Sustainability concerns ideally should be integrated in all ﬁelds of public action and regulation, above all in spatial planning and environment protection. This chapter discusses the options for such implementation. Policy actions have diverse consequences: not all of them are intended or even considered. It can be assumed that any policy with formal instruments for the implementation of its objectives1 will have some impacts on the environment. Even the measures explicitly intended for environmental protection can cause adverse impacts on some component or part of the environment. For example, nature protection areas can cause excessive pressure on neighbouring areas (Pfeﬀerkorn et al 2005). The ability to predict and understand these consequences enables us to either avoid the unwanted eﬀects or to reach an agreement in society to accept them. This means that the possible impacts have to be assessed before the action actually takes place. Present legal regulation in most Western countries requires environmental impacts of projects to be systematically assessed. While the appraisals on a project level have already a considerable tradition and history, the need to assess the hierarchically higher documents (plans, programmes and policies) was recognized more recently, partly in response to the limitations of a project level approach (Owens et al 2004; Haq 2004). The theory and practice of assessment show a very wide scope in terms of what could be the subject of assessment as well as which aspects need to be assessed (Owens et...
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