A Research Companion
Edited by Mustafa F. Özbilgin and Ayala Malach-Pines
Chapter 3: Collectivistic Attitudes and Solidarity with a Focus on Hungary: Value Preferences of Management Students in Cyprus, the UK, Israel, Turkey and Hungary
Agnes Utasi The study described in this chapter focuses on the value preferences – especially values concerning collectivism and solidarity – of 567 management students in Cyprus, the UK, Israel, Turkey and Hungary. The focus of the sociological analysis oﬀered in the chapter, and both the similarities and diﬀerences found using this analysis, is the Hungarian students. The similarities found are explained by the inﬂuence of globalization. The diﬀerences found are explained by the inﬂuence of socialization in valuemediatory communities in general, and in the case of the Hungarian students in the inﬂuence of a value-ambivalent society. Hungarian society underwent four decades of socialism with its destructive eﬀect on traditional communities, and since 1989 has moved to a neocapitalist market economy and extreme individualism. Among the distinctive features of the Hungarian society, the chapter focuses on the value of solidarity. PECULIARITIES OF THE HUNGARIAN SAMPLE The sample was taken from MA management students in Israel, Turkey, the UK and Cyprus. In Hungary, two-level management training started only in the autumn of 2006; therefore, as opposed to the other countries, the distinction between the BA and MA levels was not possible. The Hungarian sample was chosen from the last two years’ students of the ﬁve-year university program so as to guarantee the compatibility of the sample (total sample: N ϭ567). The subjects were selected among the students attending lectures on economics at two universities in Hungary (Budapest, Szeged). The girls proved more diligent in attending lectures;...
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