Career Choice in Management and Entrepreneurship
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Career Choice in Management and Entrepreneurship

A Research Companion

Edited by Mustafa F. Özbilgin and Ayala Malach-Pines

Although a large and steadily growing research literature attests to an interest in management and entrepreneurship, little research has focused on comparative assessment of the career choices and trajectories of managers and entrepreneurs. This timely book fills the gap by presenting an assessment of early influences on the career choice of managers and entrepreneurs, their attitudes at the start of their careers as students, and in their later employment experiences.
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Chapter 3: Collectivistic Attitudes and Solidarity with a Focus on Hungary: Value Preferences of Management Students in Cyprus, the UK, Israel, Turkey and Hungary

Agnes Utasi


Agnes Utasi The study described in this chapter focuses on the value preferences – especially values concerning collectivism and solidarity – of 567 management students in Cyprus, the UK, Israel, Turkey and Hungary. The focus of the sociological analysis offered in the chapter, and both the similarities and differences found using this analysis, is the Hungarian students. The similarities found are explained by the influence of globalization. The differences found are explained by the influence of socialization in valuemediatory communities in general, and in the case of the Hungarian students in the influence of a value-ambivalent society. Hungarian society underwent four decades of socialism with its destructive effect on traditional communities, and since 1989 has moved to a neocapitalist market economy and extreme individualism. Among the distinctive features of the Hungarian society, the chapter focuses on the value of solidarity. PECULIARITIES OF THE HUNGARIAN SAMPLE The sample was taken from MA management students in Israel, Turkey, the UK and Cyprus. In Hungary, two-level management training started only in the autumn of 2006; therefore, as opposed to the other countries, the distinction between the BA and MA levels was not possible. The Hungarian sample was chosen from the last two years’ students of the five-year university program so as to guarantee the compatibility of the sample (total sample: N ϭ567). The subjects were selected among the students attending lectures on economics at two universities in Hungary (Budapest, Szeged). The girls proved more diligent in attending lectures;...

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